Tuesday, 22 April 2014

EU tyre labeling regulation: guidance for business and industry . . .


EU tyre labeling regulation: guidance for business and industry

Cited at:

Labelling of tyres regulation: compliance and guidance


The tyre label is a grading system through which manufacturers of tyres for cars, vans, and heavy trucks must specify:
  • fuel consumption
  • wet grip
  • noise classification
As shown below, the tyre label uses a classification from A (highest performing) to G (lowest performing). Information must be available in technical promotional literature (leaflets, brochures, etc.), including manufacturer websites. This has to be done for every tyre sold on the EU market.
The aim of the regulation is to increase safety, promote fuel-efficient and safe tyres, and decrease noise levels. It allows consumers to make a more informed choice.

The National Measurement Office (NMO) is working alongside the Department for Transport (DfT) to ensure compliance and has published several reports.


The regulation requires the following information to be communicated to consumers:
vehicle fuel efficiency associated to the tyre’s rolling resistance
the tyre’s external noise level (expressed in decibels); not any tyre noise heard inside the vehicle
where applicable, the impact on vehicle safety associated to the tyre’s wet grip, provided for:
  • passenger car tyres (C1 tyres)
  • light commercial vehicles (vans - C2 tyres)
  • heavy vehicles (trucks, buses - C3 tyres)

Not included in the regulation

The tyre labelling regulation does not cover:
  • re-treaded tyres
  • professional off-road tyres
  • temporary-use spare tyres
  • studded tyres
  • tyres used only for racing
  • tyres whose speed rating is less than 80 km/h
  • tyres to be fitted only on vehicles registered for the first time before 1 October 1990
  • tyres whose nominal diameter is smaller than 254 mm or bigger than 635 mm

The transitional provision indicated in article 15 of the regulation (EC) No 1222/2009allows the sale of tyres produced before 1 July 2012 for which grading/labelling was not performed.


Three parties have obligations to ensure consumers are properly informed:
  • tyre suppliers (manufacturers or importers in the EU) must:
  • either put a sticker on the tyre tread or a label on each delivery of tyres to the dealer and end-user for passenger (car) and light commercial vehicle tyres
  • provide technical literature (leaflets, brochures, etc), including the manufacturer website for passenger, light commercial vehicles, and truck/bus tyres
tyre distributors must:
  • ensure that at the point of sale tyres have the sticker or have a label for the end user to see before buying the tyre
  • give the information on the fuel efficiency, wet grip (where applicable) and external noise during the purchase process if the tyres offered for sale are not visible to the end-user (for passenger and light commercial vehicles tyres)
  • give information on or with the bill (for passenger car, light commercial vehicles and truck/bus tyres)
  • vehicle suppliers and distributors must:
  • provide end-users with information on the fuel efficiency, wet grip (where applicable) and external noise of the tyre that are offered before the sale of the vehicle

Testing procedure

Fuel consumption

Fuel consumption is related to the rolling resistance. By reducing rolling resistance, the tyre consumes less petrol.

The fuel efficiency/rolling resistance section of the tyre label is calculated by the scale specified in annex one to the regulation and measured in accordance with annex 6 of Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) regulation No 117 and its subsequent amendments. This is detailed in commission regulation (EU) No 1235/2011 amending regulation (EC) No 1222/2009.

See the following attachment for a fuel savings calculator Fuel savings calculator(XSLM, 111KB) .

Wet grip

Wet grip is one of the most important safety characteristics of a tyre. Tyres with very good wet grip have a shorter braking distance when it rains.
Vehicle ClassLegislation detailing how tyre class is calculated
C1EC regulation (EU) No 228/2011 amending the regulation (EC) No 1222/2009
C2 and C3EC regulation (EU) No 1235/2011 amending the regulation (EC) No 1222/2009 (with reference to ISO15222 standard)

Noise classification

The external noise generated by the tyre is expressed in waves: one black wave is the lowest noise level and three the highest.

Noise tests are undertaken in accordance with UNECE Regulation No 117 (same asEU directive 92/23/EEC).


The EU labelling scheme for tyres is based on self-declaration by manufacturers or importers.

Member States must apply the market surveillance provisions included in the relevant national legislation. They are obliged to survey the market, which includes compliance checks of the various provisions of the tyre labelling regulation.

National authorities also have to check the conformity of the declared classes on the label of tyres (for fuel efficiency, wet grip and rolling noise) and of the measured values.


EC regulation No 1222/2009 on the labelling of tyres with respect to fuel efficiency and other essential parameters came into force on 1 November 2012.

This regulation puts obligations on suppliers and distributors was amended byregulation 228/2011 (with regard to the wet grip testing method for C1 tyres) andregulation 1235/2011 (with regard to the wet grip grading of tyres, the measurement of rolling resistance and the verification procedure).
Minimum requirements for the tyre label

Minimum requirements for tyre parameters, such as rolling resistance, wet grip and rolling noise are determined under another EU regulation: type approval for the general safety of motor vehicles and their components.

As the EU is increases minimum requirements certain classes will be phased out. The following classes of tyres will not be able to be placed on the market:
  • class G from 1 November 2014
  • class F from 1 November 2018


The advice provided via our enquiry service is based on the best and most up to date information available to us at the time.

We recommend that all enquiries are made via our online enquiries system, by choosing the relevant enquiry form and following the on screen instructions.

Alternatively, by phoning 020 8943 7227, you can leave a message, and an enforcement officer will return your call as soon as possible. Please be aware that this is an automated system and you will not be able to speak with anybody at the time of calling.

Enquiries can also be submitted in writing to:

NMO Enforcement Authority 
Stanton Avenue 
TW11 0JZ 

Due to the legal nature and amount quantity, the NMO aims to respond to all enquiries within one month.

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1 comment:

  1. I am in love with Dublin Hankook Tyres. Because they are really comfortable to use and they are long lasting. I can tell anyone who will use this tyre will say the same.


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